First lake of water is discovered on Mars
Scientists have for the first time announced on Mars that there is a large-scale lake of water under the ice surface.
This discovery was the largest liquid mass in the mysterious Red Planet 55 million kilometers away from the world.
Previous research has shown evidence of intermittent water masses on the planet surface. But this latest discovery is the first data that water mass on Mars is permanent.
The mass of water in Mars is located on an area of about 20 kilometers under the ice.
There is a stronger possibility that Mars could have more water and even life With this discovery of space scientists.
Italian researchers announced this discovery at a press conference in Rome. The research was also published in the US journal Science.
Mars is now cold, barren and dry but in the past it was warm and wet. There were large liquid water areas and lakes in the Red Planet about 3.6 billion years ago.
The water from the Mars is not drinkable and the ice is about 1.5 kilometers deep.
For exploration, the European Space Agency used the Marsis radar system, which is in Mars Express-sattelite.
How did they find it?
Such as the Marsis radar system are examined with Mars’s surface and underground with signals and returning signals.
The continuous white line on the radar shows the head of the South Pole. This is pointed to the iced water and dust.
Researchers realized an unusual situation under this mass.
Professor Roberto Orosei of the Italian Institute of Astrophysics who is head of the research said, “The subtle reflections that appear to be light blue are stronger than the surface reflections, which indicates the presence of water.”
Lake, although the possibility of life on Mars’s history, and strengthening of the future needs to be done further research to determining the characteristics of the lake.
Dr. Matt Balme from Open University said, “Now it is necessary to make the measurement of similar repetitive signs and if possible to examine and eliminate other possibilities and explanations, perhaps triggering a new Mars mission for the purpose of examining the lake, such as the research done for the underwater masses in Antarctica. ” said.